In this procedure, doctors insert a long, thin, balloon-tipped catheter into the blocked or narrowed part of your artery. The balloon is inflated, compressing the plaques that are blocking your artery against the artery walls. A mesh tube (stent) may be placed in the artery to help keep the artery open and improve circulation more permanently. This procedure usually requires only a one-day stay in the hospital.
Clot dissolving or “thrombolytic” therapy
If you have an artery that is blocked by a blood clot, your doctor may insert a clot-dissolving drug into your artery at the point of the clot to break it up. These interventions usually require angiography – a procedure in which a small catheter is inserted into your arteries and filled with dye, enabling doctors to see narrow spots and blockages with the help of X-rays.
Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair
This procedure is used to treat the dangerous dilation of the large artery in your abdomen. This condition can be treated, depending on your particular case, using various surgical techniques including minimally invasive ones. During the procedure, surgeons replace the weakened part of your aorta with a tube-like replacement called an aortic graft. This graft is made of strong, man-made material, such as plastic, in the size and shape of a healthy aorta. The strong tube takes the place of the weakened section in your aorta and allows your blood to pass easily through it.
For certain conditions, your doctors may create a vascular bypass using a vessel from another part of your body or a tube made of synthetic fabric. This enables blood to flow around a blocked or narrowed artery.