A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus (womb). Different portions of the uterus may be removed during a hysterectomy depending on whether it is a total hysterectomy or a supracervical hysterectomy. A hysterectomy can be performed with or without removing the ovaries and/or fallopian tubes. If a woman has not yet gone through menopause when she has a hysterectomy and leaves the ovaries in place, she will NOT need hormone replacement or become menopausal due to the surgery.
Conditions treated by a hysterectomy
The gynecologic surgeons at North Shore Medical Center’s Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery (MIGS) program perform hysterectomies to treat a wide range of conditions, including:
Endometrial hyperplasia: A cause of abnormal bleeding, this over-thickening of the uterine lining is often the result of very high levels of estrogen.
Cancer: Approximately 10 percent of hysterectomies are performed to treat cancer of the cervix, ovaries or endometrium.
Blockage of the bladder or intestines: A hysterectomy may be performed if the uterus or some other growth is blocking the bladder or intestines.
Heavy menstrual bleeding