A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus (womb). Different portions of the uterus may be removed during a hysterectomy depending on whether it is a total hysterectomy or a supracervical hysterectomy. A hysterectomy can be performed with or without removing the ovaries and/or fallopian tubes. If a woman has not yet gone through menopause when she has a hysterectomy and leaves the ovaries in place, she will NOT need hormone replacement or become menopausal due to the surgery.
Conditions treated by a hysterectomy
The gynecologic surgeons at North Shore Medical Center’s Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery (MIGS) program perform hysterectomies to treat a wide range of conditions, including:
Endometrial hyperplasia A cause of abnormal bleeding, this over-thickening of the uterine lining is often the result of very high levels of estrogen.
Cancer Approximately 10 percent of hysterectomies are performed to treat cancer of the cervix, ovaries or endometrium.
Blockage of the bladder or intestines A hysterectomy may be performed if the uterus or some other growth is blocking the bladder or intestines.
Heavy menstrual bleeding